Most popular publications devoted to genealogical research describe examples of documents necessary for research, which in their time period refer to pre-revolutionary time (i.e., until 1917). But what if at the very beginning of your research you do not have accurate data on the ancestors who lived in the Soviet period? This article will tell you what documents can be used and where they are stored.
Perhaps, in rural areas the most important source of information can be “household books”, such books were compiled (and are still being compiled) for every 5 years, and are usually stored in the village council. If you are lucky, you can find household books for the pre-war period, which is very rare. In household books you can read the following information: name of all family members, year of birth, nationality, amount of land, livestock, year of construction of the house and outbuildings, notes on the arrival and departure of family members.
Land-cord books – can be stored both at the assignee of the collective farm (company or company with limited liability), and in the archival department of the district state administration, sometimes even get into the regional archives (extremely rare). Compiled for 5 years. The main information in this document is the name and size of the land, as well as all changes made to the land.
Protocols of the board and general meetings of collective farmers – here you can identify decisions on hiring (dismissal) for work and membership of the collective farm, information on land allotments, and much other information regarding the life of the collective farm and its members (for example, analysis of drunken tricks or encouraging drummers, etc.). The place of storage of these documents is the regional archives and archive departments of the district state administration.
Documents on collective farm personnel (books on working days and settlement and payment statements of collective farm members), their storage period is limited to 75 years, they are usually stored in the archival department of the district state administration or at the assignee of the collective farm.
Graveyard books are usually kept by the village council. According to them, you can specify the burial place of the deceased.
Decisions of the executive committee and the session of the village council – a lot of historical information about the life of the village, information on opening a farm number for village citizens, elections of deputies of the village council and many other issues. Documents can be stored in the regional archives and in the archival departments of the district state administration.
Books of records of acts of civil status (Acts of the USSR were introduced by decree of the Council of People’s Commissars of December 18, 1917, registry offices were created by the same decree.). According to the registry office books, you can set the date of birth (marriage, death) nationality, place of residence, occupation.
Good luck in finding.