Dostoevsky. Genus history

It is interesting to study your pedigree. Sometimes he wondered how much blood was mixed in one person. Let’s look at the Dostoevsky family as a striking example of origin.

History of the clan

The founder of the Dostoevsky family was Danilo Ivanovich Rtishchev, a poor nobleman. Documents have survived that on October 6, 1506, the Pinsk prince Fyodor Ivanovich Yaroslavich presented the local gentry Danila Ivanovich Irtishevich (Rtishchev) the small village of Dostoevo, Pinsky Povet and part of the neighboring villages – Polkotichi, Porechye, Molodovo and Krotovo (Island) [2]. This event marked the beginning of the Dostoevsky family.

Not so long ago, researchers were lucky to find the roots of the genus Rtishchev. In 1389, nine years after the Battle of Kulikovo, a certain Aslan-Celebimurza left Russia for the Golden Horde “with 30 Tatars of his banner”. The Grand Duke of Moscow Dmitry Donskoy, baptizing him with the name Prokopiy, married the daughter of his steward Zotik Zhitov, Maria, and granted him the city of Kremenetsk. The lion, son of Procopius, was nicknamed the Wide Mouth [1]. So his descendants became the Rtishchevs.

Danilo Rtishchev chose the changed private-owned emblem “Radvan” as his emblem, which was used by more than 150 noble families of Belarus, Ukraine, Lithuania and Poland, including the Dostoevsky, Krichinsky, Paskevichs, Radishevsky, Shields, Juditsky [4]. The emblem contains a church banner, a crescent and a hexagonal star, and two armed Tartars on the sides. This may indicate that the Dostoevsky clan has Tatar roots.

The sons of Danila Rtishchev Ivan and Semyon bore the double name Rtishchev-Dostoevsky. Not far from the estate Semyon built a church in honor of Semyon Stolpnik. Most likely, it was built before the division of the estate between the brothers. Many researchers suggest that Danilo Rtishchev himself was buried outside the fence of this church. He was not a prosperous nobleman, because he did not have a clan crypt [1].

In 1572, the grandson of the first Dostoevsky (Rtishchev) Fedor Ivanovich was in the position of “authorized friend” (legal term) under Prince Andrei Kurbsky in Volyn, who owned many lands here, including the city of Kovel. In the Volyn Voivodeship, the Dostoevsky appeared at the end of the 16th century, and the family nest of the writer’s ancestors was Klechkivtsi, located west of Kovel (now the village of Klichkovichi, Turiysky district, Volyn region). Several generations of the Dostoevsky lived in Klechkivtsi [1].

For more than three centuries, the Dostoevsky were citizens of either Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, the Russian Empire, and lived in Vladimir-Volynsky and Kovelsky counties. It is known that the writer’s grandfather Andrey Dostoevsky served as a Uniate, later as an Orthodox priest in the village of Voitovtsy near Nemirov (now Vinnytsia region of Ukraine). From here, the father of the writer (Mikhail Dostoevsky) went to Moscow, where he graduated from the Medical and Surgical Academy, married Maria Fedorovna Nechaeva, and on October 30, 1821, the future great Russian writer Fedor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky was born [3].

The roots of the Dostoevsky family originate in the Belarusian village of Dostoevo, the father of the writer left the Ukrainian village of Voitovtsy, and the writer himself was born, lived and worked in Russia, in Moscow and St. Petersburg.

These are the vicissitudes of fate gave the world a talented writer F.M. Dostoevsky.


  1. Bogdanov N.N., Rogovoy A.I. The genealogy of the Dostoevsky. In search of the lost links. – M.: Acropolis, 2008. – 160 p.
  2. Burak A. Dostoevsky returns to Dostoevo // Russian newspaper. – October 20, 2011.
  3. Shainyuk L.S. Volyn pedigree roots of Fedor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky // Day. – Number 3. – January 12, 2007.

Good luck in finding.